The RTI process is a multi-step approach to providing services and interventions to students who struggle with learning at increasing levels of intensity. The progress students make at each stage of intervention is closely monitored. Results of this monitoring are used to make decisions about the need for further research-based instruction and/or intervention in general education, in special education or both.
Progress monitoring is a fundamental and necessary component of RTI. The information gathered through progress monitoring is used throughout the RTI process to make important instructional decisions about the student.
progress monitoring, the student’s current levels of performance
are determined and goals are identified for learning that will take
place over time. The student’s academic performance is measured
on a regular basis (weekly, bi-weekly or monthly). Progress toward
meeting the student’s goals is measured by comparing expected
and actual rates of learning. Based on these measurements, teaching
is adjusted as needed.
What has IPS done for RtI?
Inverness Primary has developed a comprehensive school-wide problem-solving approach to strengthen instruction of general education students and early identification of general education students experiencing reading difficulties.
What programs are we using with students receiving Tier 3 Interventions?
The programs described below have gone through the review process at FCRR and were found to contain sufficiently explicit and systematic instruction in critical reading skills to be helpful to struggling readers at the elementary level.
What is Read Naturally?
Naturally is a fluency program designed to develop in readers the skills
necessary for fluent and effortless reading: speed, accuracy and proper
expression. Motivated by research indicating that comprehension and
fluency are highly correlated, the developer of this program aimed to
give students a tool to accomplish the task of becoming fluent readers.
Three strategies that figure prominently in the Read Naturally program
are reading along with a fluent model, individual repeated readings
of the same passage at the student’s reading level, and progress
monitoring. Read Naturally may be used flexibly as a supplement to provide
extra practice for young readers, for students learning the English
language, and as an intervention for struggling readers.
main steps of the Read Naturally program incorporate
the best practices of teacher modeling, repeated reading, and progress
monitoring to maximize reading proficiency. The step-by-step approach,
of Read Naturally is described as below.
is Great Leaps Reading?
Road To The Code
What is Road to the Code?
Road to the Code is a phonological awareness program. Road to the Code is effective for students struggling with beginning reading and spelling skills. Road to the Code is meant to augment instruction in critical early reading skills in classrooms that are already rich in oral and written language activities and where reading to children is a common occurrence. The research literature is replete with studies underscoring the importance of phoneme awareness and understanding the alphabetic code for beginning readers. Research has also verified that early intervention can indeed facilitate the acquisition of early reading and spelling skills. The overriding goal of Road to the Code is to develop in students an awareness that spoken words can be segmented into phonemes and that these segmented units can be represented by the letters of the alphabet. Road to the Code consists of 44 lessons that are taught in groups of 4-5 students 4 times a week over an 11-week period. Each of the 15-20 minute lessons are divided into 3 parts and follow the same daily format: Say-it and Move-it, a phoneme segmentation activity; letter name and sound instruction; and to conclude, an activity to reinforce phonological awareness.